McKINLAY, John (1819-1872)


McKINLAY, John (1819-1872)
explorer
was born at Sandbank on the Clyde, Scotland, in 1819, and emigrated to Sydney when 17 years of age. He began his colonial experience with an uncle who was a squatter, and afterwards made his way to near the border of South Australia, where he took up land between there and the Darling. He was interested in the aborigines of the district, and his knowledge of their ways was of great use to him when he became an explorer. In 1861 he was asked by the South Australian government to organize an expedition to search for the Burke (q.v.) and Wills (q.v.) party about whose fate there was then much anxiety. McKinlay left Adelaide on 16 August 1861 with nine other men, 70 sheep, two packhorses and four camels. On 20 October the grave of Gray was found near Cooper's Creek. McKinlay sent word of this to the government, and soon afterwards learned that the remains of Burke and Wills had also been found. He decided to explore in the direction of Mount Stuart, but was driven back by heavy rains and floods. McKinlay then decided to make for the Gulf of Carpentaria, hoping to find the vessel which had been sent to meet Burke's party. The shores of the Gulf were thought to be only four or five miles away, on 20 May 1862, but the intervening country was very difficult, and it was decided to turn in an easterly direction and make for Port Denison on the shores of northern Queensland. A station on the Bowen River near Port Denison was reached on 2 August, and, after a few days rest, Port Denison. The party then returned by sea to Adelaide. McKinlay received a grant of £1000 from the government and a gold watch from the Royal Geographical Society of England.
In 1863 McKinlay married Miss Pile, the daughter of an old friend, but was not allowed to settle down for long. In September 1865 he was sent to explore the Northern Territory and to report on the best sites for settlement. It was an exceptionally rainy season and while on the Alligator River the expedition was surrounded by flood waters. With great resource McKinlay, having killed his horses, constructed a raft with their hides and made a perilous journey to the coast. He reported favourably on the country near Anson Bay as being suitable for settlement. After his return he took up pastoral pursuits near the town of Gawler in South Australia, and died there on 31 December 1872. A monument to his memory was erected at Gawler in 1875.
McKinlay was a man of fine physique, 6 feet 3½ inches high, modest and unassuming. He was an excellent bushman, making little of his privations, knowing when to push on and when to be cautious, and though he made only two expeditions, he ranks among the great explorers of Australia.
G. E. Logan, The Gawler Handbook, p. 161; John Davis, Tracks of McKinlay and Party Across Australia; McKinlay's Journal of Exploration; The South Australian Register, 1 January, 1873.

Dictionary of Australian Biography by PERCIVAL SERLE. . 1949.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John McKinlay — (26 August 1819 – 31 December 1872), was an explorer of Australia.Early lifeMcKinlay was born at Sandbank on the River Clyde, Scotland, third son of Dugald McKinlay. He emigrated to Sydney when 17 years of age.He began his colonial experience… …   Wikipedia

  • John McKinlay — (* 26. August 1819 in Sandbank in Schottland ; † 31. Dezember 1872 in Gawler in South Australia)[1] war ein Forscher in Australien. McKinlay führte eine der Expeditionen zur Rettung der vermissten australischen Entdecker Robert O Hara Burke… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • McKinlay — is the surname of the following people: Adam McKinlay (1887–1950), member of the British House of Commons for a number of Scottish constituencies Billy McKinlay (born 1969), former Scottish footballer, Reserve Team Manager of Fulham in London,… …   Wikipedia

  • McKinlay — ist der Name folgender Personen: Adam Storey McKinlay (1887–1950), Mitglied des britischen House of Commons Adeline McKinlay (?), US amerikanische Tennisspielerin Billy McKinlay (* 1969), schottischer Fußballspieler Bob McKinlay (1932–2002),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John McKinlay — (26 août 1819 – 31 décembre 1872), est un explorateur d origine écossaise. McKinlay est né à Sandbank on the River Clyde, en Écosse, troisième fils de Dugald McKinlay. Il émigre à Sydney à 17 ans, Puis se rend en Australie Méridionale. Il s… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1872 in Australia — See also: 1871 in Australia, other events of 1872, 1873 in Australia and the Timeline of Australian history.Incumbents Governors Governors of the Australian colonies: *Governor of New South Wales Somerset Lowry Corry, 4th Earl Belmore, then… …   Wikipedia

  • mackinlayi —   In honor of John McKinlay (1819–1872) Scots born Australian explorer …   Etymological dictionary of grasses

  • 25. Juli — Der 25. Juli ist der 206. Tag des Gregorianischen Kalenders (der 207. in Schaltjahren), somit bleiben 159 Tage bis zum Jahresende. Historische Jahrestage Juni · Juli · August 1 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Мак-Кинлей, Джон — Джон Мак Кинлей (John McKinlay, 26.8.1819, Sandbank, Шотландия 31.12.1872, Gawler, Южная Австралия) австралийский путешественник. Биография С 1840 года занимался скотоводством в Южной Австралии и своими экспедициями много содействовал ближайшему… …   Википедия


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.